Хорошо бы, конечно, чтоб кто-то об этом написал. Художественно, интересно. Может, даже, с рассказами очевидцев.
Не будучи ни историком, ни писателем, ни очевидцем - единственное, чем могу помочь, это зачином.
Итак, игра "найди сходства." Я, внизу, приведу ссылки на статьи из американских газет (пардон за английский) - сразу скажу, что они относятся к литовскому периоду 1990-91 - а те, кто, вдруг, прочтет, могут поискать различия и совпадения с происходящим в наши дни в Украине; и, при желании, переписать более художественно, или поспорить. Некоторые фразы я выделю внизу жирным шрифтом - те, которые лично меня особенно поразили.
16 апреля 1990. Статья из The Seattle Times:
"...Gorbachev...sees doom and tragedy when he thinks of the independence campaigns in the three Baltic states - Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia - as well as in the Caucasus and the Ukraine. As he said this week, he is convinced that secession movements will lead inevitably to "such a civil war, such a bloody slaughter, that we will not emerge from it all together.'' On this subject, the Soviet leader told a group of Senate Democrats Thursday, he will not accept any "lectures'' from the West."
"Soviet propaganda success was evidenced in two recent letters to the editor. The first letter tried to justify Lithuania's enslavement on the basis that it was part of the Russian empire from the 1790s to present except for a 22-year interlude. The writer ignored the important fact that Lithuania was founded as a state as early as 1231 (before Muscovy, present day Russia) and in a voluntary union with Poland prevailed over much of Russia and the Ukraine for three centuries.
The second letter stated that Lithuania was "pushing too far too fast." Both writers praised Gorbachev for being conciliatory and cautioned that his downfall could endanger world peace if the United States supported Lithuanian independence."
"...Lithuania declares a restoration of independence and the Soviet Army invades Vilnius with tanks and paratroops. The Russians seize printing presses and Government offices and drag frightened boys back into the Red Army. There are MIG overflights, helicopters scatter more pro-Soviet propaganda leaflets than Vermont has maple leaves. Western journalists are expelled and the press blackout begins.
Beginning in 1991, Moscow threatens hard currency payments from Lithuania for much commercial trade. The indispensable industrial triad of crude oil, natural gas and metals could be the first, and, coming in winter, would create conditions far worse than the spring blockade.
In southeastern Lithuania, the Lithuanian Communist Party, funded by Moscow, continues to provoke ethnic unrest among Poles and Russians under Mr. Gorbachev's direction. Contrary to the Lithuanian Constitution, local councils still controlled by the Communist old guard recently declared two districts as autonomous regions.
The first round of talks between the Soviet Union and Lithuania ended with Moscow willing, in principle, to bargain. But in private Mr. Gorbachev's position is quite the opposite. He views Lithuania as his colony, scoffs at its confidence in the influence of the West to help it during the negotiations and will let it go only when compelled to do so."
"...Specifically, Mr. Gorbachev said the assault on the television broadcasting center was necessary to stop an anti-Soviet propaganda campaign by republican authorities. He expressed support for the self-styled Lithuanian National Salvation Committee, a shadowy organization that claims to be seizing power with the backing of the Soviet military and Communist Party. He said members of the committee tried to go to the parliament and government headquarters to demand the cessation of broadcasts but were beaten back by nationalists wielding sticks and iron bars. The committee members then made the decision to take over the television center and appealed to Maj. Gen. Vladimir Uskhobchik, head of the city's army garrison, for "protection."
Most significantly, the Soviet officials allege that many demonstrators were armed and that they shot first. Lithuanian officials say there were no firearms, or at least very few, used by the demonstrators. Of the 14 people killed, one was a soldier, shot in the back. The other 13 were demonstrators.
Mr. Gorbachev portrayed the National Salvation Committee as a broad-based organization representing many, if not most, residents of the republic. But the committee has not made its membership known and operates from a closed defense plant in Vilnius."
"...Gorbachev endorsed the version of events offered by his ministers, claiming the government was only responding to ``anti-Constitutional'' acts by the Lithuanian government. He claimed he heard about the Sunday attack only early that morning. He also played down the impact of the negative reaction from the West, cautioning that the Baltics were a complex situation that should not become the basis for confrontation between the Soviet Union and the West.
The main cause of the crisis "is the policy of the Lithuanian leadership,'' asserted Marshal Yazov, including "the adoption of a number of hasty anticonstitutional measures which led to widespread infringement of human rights.'' The Lithuanians, "using democratic slogans, exerted purposeful and concerted efforts to establish a bourgeois-type dictatorship,'' the military leader said.
The interior minister described a series of events that he claimed led to political chaos and "an extremely dangerous confrontation'' between the nationalists and people demanding establishment of presidential rule. Mr. Pugo, who used to head the KGB (secret police) in the Baltic republic of Latvia, contended the security forces has acted to halt provocative "anti-Soviet propaganda'' being broadcast by the Lithuanian government at the request of the shadowy Committee for National Salvation, whose leaders he refused even to name."
"The crisis in Lithuania has brought a rebirth of Soviet propaganda methods. The official news media have portrayed the military crackdown on the democratic government in Lithuania in terms unrecognizable to Western eyewitnesses. From the start, the Soviet people have been told that Soviet troops intervened to support the demands of the local population for "order,'' ending conditions of chaos.
Rafik Nishanov, the chairman of the Soviet parliament's Council on Nationalities, tells parliament that the Lithuanian population demands order to end the "numerous violations of basic human rights, the defilement of Soviet soldiers' graves and monuments, and disregard for the main provisions of the Soviet Constitution.''
Так что, если кому-то кажется, что все это супер-ново сейчас - кампания пропаганды, грозные предсказания "кровавого хаоса," угрозы (и их исполнение) экономического удушения, попытки откола областей силами агентов влияния, наконец - военное вторжение, под предлогом оказания помощи якобы "независимым народным стихийным партиям" в их борьбе с оголтелым национализмом...это все уже было. Это - стандартные приёмы советских гебистов. Обкатанные в Будапеште, Праге, Вильнюсе, Риге, Грузии. Сейчас - анкор в Украине.
Самое поразительное - это, что те, кто, по идее, должен помнить советскую гадость, советскую жестокость, советское враньё и советскую подлость во всех этих событиях - сейчас, тем не менее, "не видят в упор." И еще, при этом, смеют горохово балаболить о "пятаках на глазах" у оппонентов. Поистине - наглость в России, это даже не второе, а первое счастье, наверное.